Hydroxychloroquine is available as the brand-name drug Plaquenil. Generic drugs usually cost less than the brand-name version. Hydroxychloroquine may be used as part of a combination therapy. Primaquine chloroquine Plaquenil 300 mg How to use Hydroxychloroquine SULFATE. Hydroxychloroquine is usually taken with food or milk to prevent stomach upset. The dosage and length of treatment are based on your medical condition and response to therapy. In children, dosage is also based on weight. Hydroxychloroquine is a disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drug DMARD approved for adults with RA. It is often given in combination with methotrexate and sulfasalazine a treatment known as triple therapy, to help slow RA disease progression for patients who do not get relief from methotrexate therapy alone. Mechanism Hydroxychloroquine is thought to improve symptoms of systemic diseases by preventing inflammation. For example, to treat both rheumatoid arthritis and systemic lupus erythematosus SLE, it has been hypothesized that the drug suppresses T-lymphocytes by increasing the pH inside lysosomes, which disables leukocyte chemotaxis. Hydroxychloroquine is used to treat lupus erythematosus and rheumatoid arthritis. It isn’t fully understood how this drug works to treat lupus erythematosus or rheumatoid arthritis. That means you may need to take it with other drugs. It treats malaria by killing the parasites that cause the disease. Hydroxychloroquine mechanism Hydroxychloroquine - Wikipedia, Hydroxychloroquine Plaquenil Chloroquine productionHydroxychloroquine cardiotoxicityPlaquenil and chronic fatigue The mechanism of hydroxychloroquine retinal toxicity has yet to be fully elucidated. Studies have shown that the drug affects the metabolism of retinal cells and also binds to melanin in the RPE, which could explain the persistent toxicity after discontinuation of the medication. Hydroxychloroquine-Induced Retinal Toxicity - American.. Hydroxychloroquine - American Osteopathic College of.. Hydroxychloroquine Side Effects, Dosage, Uses, and More. Hydroxychloroquine binds strongly to melanin and can deposit in melanin-containing tissues such as the skin and the eyes, which might explain certain tissue-specific mechanisms such as. Efficacy and Safety of Hydroxychloroquine for Treatment of Pneumonia Caused by 2019-nCoV HC-nCoV The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Mechanism of action of hydroxychloroquine as an antirheumatic drug. Fox RI1. Author information 1Department of Rheumatology, Scripps Clinic and Research Foundation, La Jolla, CA 92037. The antimalarial agents chloroquine and hydroxychloroquine have been used widely for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis and systemic lupus erythematosus.