Although their therapeutic and toxic doses differ, they are related drugs with similar clinical indications for use and similar manifestations of retinal toxicity. The image below depicts hydroxychloroquine retinopathy. Fluorescein angiogram of left macula in patient with hydroxychloroquine retinopathy. Plaquenil dosage by weight Sjogren's i can't tolerate plaquenil Does plaquenil help with ms Chloroquine retinopathy, is a form of toxic retinopathy damage of the retina caused by the drugs chloroquine or hydroxychloroquine, which are sometimes used in the treatment of autoimmune disorders such as rheumatoid arthritis and systemic lupus erythematosus. This eye toxicity limits long-term use of the drugs. One of the most significant side effects of the drug is its possibility of causing eye problems resulting in blurred or decreased vision. The most common issue is damage to the retina. It can impair your color vision or damage the retinal cells particularly in the area right around the central vision. VF testing in a patient with hydroxychloroquine toxicity demonstrates parafoveal depression, more prominent in the left than the right eye. These changes remained stable upon cessation of the medication. Retinopathy may be asymptomatic or may cause central or paracentral scotomas leading to difficulty reading or performing fine visual tasks (due to parafoveal metamorphopsia). Reprinted from American Journal of Ophthalmology, Vol 104, Johnson and Vine, Hydroxychloroquine therapy in massive total doses without retinal toxicity, pages 139-144, Copyright 1987, with permission from Elsevier Science. Chloroquine toxicity eye Plaquenil Side Effects Common, Severe, Long Term -, What can Hydroxychloroquine Plaquenil do to my eyes? Natural remedies for mold in your body heavy metals chloroquineInflammatory osteoarthritis plaquenilHydroxychloroquine label informationPlaquenil testing icd 10Plaquenil and reduced renal function Hydroxychloroquine can cause irreversible retinal toxicity, resulting in bilateral bull’s eye retinopathy, but is regarded as less toxic to the retina than chloroquine and it does not cause the corneal deposits seen with chloroquine therapy. Hydroxychloroquine DermNet NZ. Retina Today - Imaging in Hydroxychloroquine Toxicity April 2019. Hydroxychloroquine toxicity - EyeWiki. Compared with focal ERG, mfERG is more appropriate for the evaluation of chloroquine and/or hydroxychloroquine toxicity because it generates local ERG responses topographically across the posterior pole and can document a parafoveal or extramacular depression in early retinopathy or bull's eye distribution of ERG depression in late stages. Hydroxychloroquine sulfate HCQ, Plaquenil is an analogue of chloroquine CQ, an antimalarial agent, used for the treatment of systemic lupus erythematosus, rheumatoid arthritis and other autoimmune disorders. Its use has been associated with severe retinal toxicity, requiring a discontinuation of therapy. The usefulness of hypokalemia as an indicator in the evaluation of chloroquine toxicity was studied in a retrospective series of 191 acute chloroquine poisonings. Results indicated that the risk of severe poisoning and death are proportional to the degree of hypokalemia.